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The spiritual object includes whatever is conducive to the eternal welfare of the soul, i.e.
all supernatural things: sanctifying grace, the sacraments, sacramentals, etc.
It is subdivided into merely conventional, when neither party has fulfilled any of the terms of the agreement, and mixed conventional, when one of the parties has at least partly complied with the assumed obligations.
The offenders against the two decrees just mentioned incur suspension ipso facto from their functions if they are in sacred orders; inability to receive higher orders if they are clerics inferior to the priests ; excommunication of pronounced sentence ( latae sententiae ) if they belong to the laity. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2018 Catholic Online.
It is thus unlawful to exchange ecclesiastical benefices by private authority, to accept any payment whatever for holy oils, to sell blessed rosaries or crucifixes. Simony of ecclesiastical law is, of course a variable element, since the prohibitions of the Church may be abrogated or fall into disuse.
Such objects lose, if sold, all the indulgences previously attached to them (S. Simony whether it be of ecclesiastical or Divine law, may be divided into mental, conventional, and real ( simonia mentalis, conventionalis, et realis ).
The amount of the stipend, varying for different times and countries, is usually fixed by ecclesiastical authority (SEE STIPEND).
It is allowed to accept it even should the priest be otherwise well-to-do; for he has a right to live from the altar and should avoid becoming obnoxious to other members of the gy.