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The second corpus was the Switchboard Corpus, a database of more than 2400 telephone conversations between people across the USA, recorded in 1990.
Again Acton found that the proportion of um to uh was higher for women than for men.
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share a great deal in the way of interpretation, association, and usage, they are far from perfect substitutes.
He does not expect there to be an explanation as direct as “um means ‘female’” and “uh means ‘male’”.
Inside the Speed dating chelmsford lacrosse World War. Despite being chosen as the Datng of the Year, xenophobia is not to be celebrated. Our Word of the Year choice serves as a symbol of speed dating chelmsford lacrosse year’s most meaningful events and lookup trends. In this case, the proportion of um to uh in female speech was two and half times as high as in male speech – not as high, then, as in the Speed Dating corpus, but sizeable nonetheless.The Switchboard Corpus includes conversations from different regions of the country: although the degree of women’s preference for um over uh varied across the country (it was highest in New England and lowest in the South), the gender differences persisted across the different regions.Acton considered the possibility that the gender of the listener might affect the use of um rather than uh: however, while both men talking to men and women talking to women used higher proportions of um relative to uh than when talking to the other gender, the proportion of um to uh for men talking to men was less than half that of when women were talking to women.As in the research on British English, younger speakers in the Switchboard Corpus used more um than uh compared to older speakers, suggesting that a language change may be occurring towards the use of um rather than uh.